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RSRCH17 Assessing Noncognitive Competence
RSRCH17 Assessing Noncognitive Competence

The Measuring Non-cognitive Competence Report Task Force was assembled to inform the ICE community on the topic of noncognitive assessment and its relevance to professional credentialing. To this end, a questions and answers document is provided to serve as an initial introduction and to provide references for those interested in a deeper dive into the underlying literature. Taskforce members include John Weiner, chair; Jim Stobinski, vice chair; Chuck Friedman; and George Gray. The authors view this as a living document that will evolve as community members pose additional questions and as colleagues provide added insights. (c) 2017. 24 pages.

Download the Table of Contents.

Member Price: $50.00, Non-Member Price: $75.00

WP17 Becoming the SME Whisperer
WP17 Becoming the SME Whisperer

This Institute for Credentialing Excellence (ICE) white paper provides insight into how one testing organization—the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB)—created a strong SME culture with low turnover and high engagement at all levels. This paper presents a case study, but is also intended to provide a set of conceptual tools for organizations interested in creating not only a sense of investment among their SMEs but also a sense of group cohesion and overall program continuity. Organizations that sponsor credentialing examinations must be heavily invested—both financially and philosophically—in test development. This paper explores the value of extending that investment to the human relationships that can strengthen not only the examination product but also the entire sponsoring organization.

Download the Table of Contents.

Member Price: FREE; Non-member Price: $50

WP11 Beyond Multiple Choice: Strategies for Planning and Implementing an Innovative Item Initiative
WP11 Beyond Multiple Choice: Strategies for Planning and Implementing an Innovative Item Initiative

In recent years, a number of certification testing programs have extended item writing efforts to include innovative, objective item formats alternative to the multiple-choice question (MCQ). Several of these item types, including multiple correct response (MCR), short answer/calculation, hotspot, and drag-and-drop (matching or ordering), have been available for several years and are starting to see wider use. However, the lack of fundamental research establishing the value of these item types led us to conduct this investigation in the hope of advancing a delineation of best practice. This 2011 white paper, authored by Timothy Muckle, PhD, will explore a number of facets of the foray into the development of innovative item formats by one credentialing organization (National Board of Certification and Recertification for Nurse Anesthetists, or NBCRNA).

In addition to summarizing the implementation of alternative item types, the paper will discuss overall benefits of the project, with a particular focus on value added to the credential, as well as lessons learned and recommendations for decision-making for other organizations.

Meet the Author

Dr. Timothy Muckle is currently employed as the Director of Testing Services at the National Board of Certification and Recertification for Nurse Anesthetists. While employed there, he has been responsible for managing test development and psychometric quality of the National Certification Examination, the development of innovative item types, and spearheading an exam-related research agenda. He has also served as a psychometrician on the National Commission for Certifying Agencies (NCCA) Commission since 2010. He received his B.S. degree in Mathematics from the University of Notre Dame, and received his Ph.D. in Educational Psychology (Measurement, Evaluation, Statistics, and Assessment) from the University of Illinois at Chicago. His research interests include computerized adaptive testing (CAT), alternative item types, and performance-based assessments using simulation. Dr. Muckle resides in Michigan with his wife and four children.

Member Price: FREE, Non-Member Price: $50.00

WEB16 Communicating with Security in Mind
WEB16 Communicating with Security in Mind

Communicating with Security in Mind
Presenters: Chuck Friedman, PhD, Jennifer Semko, JD, O'Neal Hampton
Format: On-demand Webcast (c) March 2016
Duration: Approximately 1 hour, including time for Q&A

Over the past five years, security in testing has moved from an ancillary concern to a primary focus. In this presentation, learn how to take a proactive approach to including security in communications before, during, and after the test experience; analyze current communications (e.g., handbooks, candidate agreements) for security language; and present examples. The presentation will take an in-depth look at the steps to achieve these objectives by exam vendors and sponsors. Chuck, Jennifer, and O'Neal will discuss how to proactively create a culture of security for your candidates and stakeholders.

Member price: $90; Non-member price: $135

Please note: This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recording/accompanying slides. Access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been received and deposited.

WEB14 Concepts for an Improved Job Analysis
WEB14 Concepts for an Improved Job Analysis

Concepts for an Improved Job Analysis

Presenters: Deborah Ford, PhD, CPS HR Consulting and Robert Ployhart, PhD, University of South Carolina

Format: On-demand Webcast (c) March 2014
Duration: Approximately 1 hour, including Q&A

Arm yourself with a fundamental working knowledge of the varied aspects of job analysis methodology so that you can better navigate the considerations that are necessary when conducting a job analysis. Increase your awareness of its many functions as well as observe its key contributions to program development. Join Deborah Ford, PhD and Robert Ployhart, PhD as they discuss the nature of work, steps in a job analysis, methodological considerations, data analytic considerations, and applied usage of job analysis.

Learning Objectives

  • Nature of Work and the Role of Job Analysis
  • Job Analysis Steps and Caveats
  • Considerations for Methods of Data Collection (e.g., surveys, panels, observations)
  • Considerations during Data Analysis
  • Additional Benefits of Job Analysis
  • Methods for Test Plan Design based on Job Analysis

Please note: This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recording/accompanying slides. Access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been received and deposited.

Member price: $90; Non-member price: $135

Construct Definitions
construct definitions

Coming Soon!  Find useful research on construct definitions currently in place in certification programs, with respect to how competence is defined and spoken of to the public and to credential-holders. This data was gathered through review of existing definitions on organization websites.

 

WEB13 Create & Implement Solid Exam Development Plans
WEB13 Create & Implement Solid Exam Development Plans

Presenter: The National Association Medical Staff Services (NAMSS)
Erica Klein
Michelle Butler, MS, CPMSM, CPSC
Ropizah Ervin, CPMSM, CPCS  

Format: On-demand webcast (c) 2013
Duration: Approximately 1 hour, including Q&A

As part of a new "Rules from the Road" education series, ICE will periodically invite the staff and volunteers of a certification program to share their experiences on various credentialing topics, highlighting successful processes or lessons learned.

The National Association Medical Staff Services’ (NAMSS’) two certification programs, CPMSM and CPCS, received re-accreditation upon the first review of its renewal applications. NAMSS staff credit their success to their use of a solid exam development plan.

In this webcast, NAMSS staff and volunteers will share their resources and best practices for developing and maintaining a strong exam development process, covering:

  • How to identify and recruit top volunteers to participate in exam development activities 
  • How to run effective exam development meetings
  • How strong processes help achieve NCCA accreditation and re-accreditation
  • Tips and tricks for staying on track
  • Lessons learned from past experiences

Please note: This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recording, and access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been received and deposited.

Member price: $90; Non-member price: $135

WEB16 Creating & Maintaining a Test Security Plan
WEB16 Creating & Maintaining a Test Security Plan

Creating & Maintaining a Test Security Plan

Presenters: Benjamin Hunter, Caveon; Jennifer Geraets, ACT, Inc.

Format: On-demand Webcast (c) October 2016
Duration: Approximately 1 hour, including time for Q&A

Security is a critical consideration for any testing organization, and the foundation for a successful security program is a strong security plan. This webcast covers the basics of how to build a strong security plan from the ground-up, provide recommendations for prioritizing limited budget resources, and offer advice for maintenance of your security plan as your program grows.

This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recording, and access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been received and deposited.

$90 Members | $135 Non-members

 

WEB15 Critical Psychometric Concepts for Credentialing Personnel
WEB15 Critical Psychometric Concepts for Credentialing Personnel

Critical Psychometric Concepts for Credentialing Personnel

Presenter: Lynn Webb, EdD

Format: On-demand Webcast (c) January 2015
Duration: Approximately 1 hour, including Q&A

Do you find yourself smiling vacantly at conferences while everyone around you debates enthusiastically about how many panelists are required for a passing score study? Have you ever wondered why you can’t just write the certification exam for your agency while sitting next to the fire, petting your dog? Do you know why psychometricians use so many acronyms? It’s time to be In The Know! Lynn Webb will have you speaking like a psychometric nerd in just one hour’s time.  Join her as she divulges secret phrases and meanings.  Dr. Webb’s favorite parts of the test development cycle will be highlighted in the web meeting.

Member price: $90; Non-member price: $135

Please note: This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recording, and access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. 

If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been recieved and deposited.

RSRCH14 Eligibility Requirements Report
RSRCH14 Eligibility Requirements Report

ICE's Research & Development (R&D) committee noted the limited guidance and resources available on how to set eligibility requirements. To meet this need, the committee conducted interviews with existing certification programs, completed a thorough review of the topic, and produced the Eligibility Requirements ReportThe report provides a glimpse of industry perspectives and best practices, alongside a review of the policies in place for determining credential eligibility and the methods for setting and changing these requirements. (c) 2014. 39 pages.

Download the table of contents.

Member Price: $50; Non-member Price: $75

WEB15 Exam Results & Score Reports: Do's and Don'ts
WEB15 Exam Results & Score Reports: Do's and Don'ts

Brian Bontempo, PhD
Founder and Principal Consultant, Mountain Measurement, Inc.

During this webinar, participants will learn about the basics of score reporting. The session will commence with a description of the essential elements of a successful score report for passing candidates and separately for failing candidates. Following that, the various standards that pertain to score reporting for certification examinations will be provided along with some guidance and commentary about their relevancy and meaning. The third part will focus on best practices for score reporting. Topics that will be covered include score metrics (e.g., raw, percent, or scaled scores), the reporting of subscores, error metrics, other potentially useful metrics (such as number of items), the use of graphics, and when/how to provide score reports.

Webinar Learning Objectives

  • identify the essential elements of a score report for passing and for failing candidates
  • recognize the NCCA, AERA, APA, NCME standards that apply to certification examination score reporting
  • examine when/how to report subscore information on score reports

Please note: This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recording, and access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been received and deposited.

Member price: FREE; Non-member price: $135

 

RSRCH10 Guidelines for Performance Examinations
RSRCH10 Guidelines for Performance Examinations

This publication summarizes current principles related to performance examinations and accepted methods for their development, validation, and use. It is an update to Guidelines for Non-Written Examinations, published by the National Commission for Certifying Agencies (NCCA) in January 1991. (c) 2010. 17 pages.

Member Price: $40.00, Non-Member Price: $60.00

WEB15 How Job Task Analysis Informs Test Blueprint Development
WEB15 How Job Task Analysis Informs Test Blueprint Development

How Job Task Analysis Informs Test Blueprint Development

Presenter: Julie Miles, PhD, Pearson VUE 

Format: On-demand Webcast (c) June 2015
Duration: Approximately 1 hour, including time for Q&A

What is a Job Analysis and why do we do them? Julie Miles, PhD, of Pearson VUE shares an overview of the process of conducting a Job Analysis including the purpose behind the activities, what the law has to say about it, and what methods can be used. The overview includes a walk-through of the steps used in a Job Task Analysis, which is a common method used to gather current information to stay abreast of new developments in the field, and discussion on how the results inform the development of a test blueprint.

Member price: $90; Non-member price: $135

Please note: This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recording, and access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. 

If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been recieved and deposited.

WEB15 How To Use a Job Analysis To Help Inform Your Standard Setting Process
WEB15 How To Use a Job Analysis To Help Inform Your Standard Setting Process

How To Use a Job Analysis To Help Inform Your Standard Setting Process

Presenter: Donald Truxillo, PhD, Portland State University

Format: On-demand Webcast (c) April 2015
Duration: Approximately 1 hour, including Q&A

Your job analysis plays a critical part in the test development and administration decisions that you make. In this webcast, Donald Truxillo identifies the information you could collect in your job analysis to help set your cutoff scores, particularly for content valid tests. Topics will include guidelines for setting cutoff scores, as well as methods for setting cutoff scores for different assessment types.

Member price: $90; Non-member price: $135

Please note: This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recording, and access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been received and deposited.

WEB17 Item Writer Development: Training Volunteer Writers
WEB17 Item Writer Development: Training Volunteer Writers

Item Writer Development: Training Volunteer Writers

Format: Live webinar scheduled for Wednesday, April 5, 2017 at 12 pm ET
Duration: Approximately 1 hour, including time for Q&A

Presenters: Beth Kalinowski, MBA, SPHR, PSI Services LLC

There is a difference between training an item writer to write a question and developing an item writer to write good, useful, practical, and high-performing items. Explore the cognitive level schemes and how the various levels are applicable to item writing and discuss ways to guide item writers in developing higher order questions. By the end of the webcast, know two strategies to improve the quality of your items.

Member price: $90; Non-member price: $135

Please note: This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recording, and access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been received and deposited.

WEB15 Key Considerations: In-Person Versus Virtual Item Development
WEB15 Key Considerations: In-Person Versus Virtual Item Development

Key Considerations: In-Person Versus Virtual Item Development

Presenter: Sarah Pauly Hughes, Alpine Testing Solutions 

Format: On-demand Webcast (c) May 2015
Duration: Approximately 1 hour, including time for Q&A

As you assemble your team of item writers, you will need to determine the secure process by which they will write, review, edit, and select test questions. Some credentialing programs host in-person item writing workshops while others choose to meet virtually. During this webcast, consider the pros and cons of each setting, and identify programmatic considerations (goals, budget, resources, etc.) that should factor in to the decision to develop test items in-person or in the virtual environment. 

Member price: $90; Non-member price: $135

Please note: This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recording, and access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. 

If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been recieved and deposited.

WP15 Score Reporting: Where Policy Meets Psychometrics
WP15 Score Reporting: Where Policy Meets Psychometrics

Developing score reports for credentialing programs requires balancing various stakeholders’ needs for information and professional standards for reporting examination results. It is imperative that these reports appropriately communicate the results of an examination in a way that encourages proper interpretation and minimizes the likelihood of misinterpretation. The purpose of this white paper is to offer practitioners guidance on designing and evaluating score reports along with examples of various practices from programs within the industry.

The first section of the paper discusses the expectations of each major stakeholder group that represents a key interest in the outcomes of the credentialing program, including candidates, employers, educators/training programs, and credential program staff. This review highlights the various potential uses and interpretations of the information provided on the score reports, including expectations dictated by professional standards and guidelines.

The second section of the paper provides guidance on the design of the score report, including both the content to incorporate and its presentation format at the test and section (e.g., content area and subarea) levels. Each option will be presented in the context of professional guidance and applicability to various intended uses of test results.

Finally, the third section of the paper includes guidance on planning for score reporting. Programs should discuss these plans at the outset of the test development process to ensure the test is designed to facilitate the intended interpretation of test scores. 

Meet the Authors

Dr. Davis-Becker is a Senior Psychometrician and the Director of Professional Credentialing at Alpine Testing Solutions. Susan is responsible for providing psychometric advice and consultation to a variety of testing programs and her areas of expertise include test design, standard setting and validity research. Susan received her doctoral degree in assessment and measurement from James Madison University and has published numerous journal articles, book chapters and presented research at regional, national, and international conferences.

Jeff Kelley completed a PhD in educational measurement at the University of Kansas in 2004.  He joined the National Center for Competency Testing in 2012 as Vice President of Psychometrics, charged with development, validation and security for seven allied health certification tests.  Before joining NCCT, Doctor Kelley worked as Director of Psychometrics for six years at Ascend Learning dealing with nursing education and allied health certification testing.  Prior to that, he worked for nine years in licensure and certification testing as a research associate and as a program director with Applied Measurement Professionals.  His research interests include item writing, test security, and test score reliability.  

Member Price: FREE; Non-member Price: $50

WEB13 Recruiting and Managing SMEs - How It CAN Work
WEB13 Recruiting and Managing SMEs - How It CAN Work

Presenters: Beth Kalinowski and Nancy Thomas

Format: On-demand webcast (c) 2013
Duration: 35:33 minutes

A successful certification program is contingent upon the availability and involvement of quality subject matter experts (SMEs). Developing a sound, valid testing program that accurately assesses the competency and cognitive ability of candidates seeking certification in a profession must involve SMEs who are competent in the target content and also understand the nuances associated with sound test development principles and processes. Recruiting and managing quality and dependable SMEs is a major challenge for organizations. This session will discuss real-life efforts to recruit SMEs, train them on sound item development techniques and manage their work efforts.

Please note: This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recording, and access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been received and deposited.

Member Price: $90; Non-Member Price: $135

 

RSRCH15 Remote Proctoring Test Delivery: A Report on Options and Considerations
RSRCH15 Remote Proctoring Test Delivery: A Report on Options and Considerations

ICE's Research & Development (R&D) committee intends this report to serve as a resource for credentialing organizations who are determining whether remote proctoring test delivery (RPTD) is a viable test delivery system for their certification or assessment-based certificate program. This paper will not attempt to answer the question of whether any specific certification program employing a variant of RPTD could become accredited under ISO/IEC 17024 or the National Commission for Certifying Agencies (NCCA) standards. Rather, the paper intends to provide an impartial view of the strengths and weaknesses of RPTD to the ICE membership. 

Download the table of contents

Member price: $40; Non-member Price: $60

WEB16 Technical Reports: What Should Be Included & How To Interpret Them
WEB16 Technical Reports: What Should Be Included & How To Interpret Them

Technical Reports: What Should Be Included & How To Interpret Them

Presenters: Susan Davis-Becker, PhD and Amin Saiar, PhD

Format: On-demand Webcast (c) May 2016
Duration: Approximately 1 hour, including time for Q&A


This session introduces test users to the topic of examination performance and the exam features that are measured to indicate that performance. The presenters discuss which features of an exam program should be monitored, how they can be evaluated, what impact they have on the candidate experience, and what an exam program can do about the results.

Member price: $90; Non-member price: $135

Please note: This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recording, and access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been received and deposited.

WEB14 Test Security
WEB14 Test Security

Test Security: An Approach to Identify and Fight Disclosure of Exam Content on the Internet

Presenters: Heather Mullen & Aimée Hobby Rhodes, JD, CFA Institute

Format: On-demand Webcast (c) February 2014
Duration: Approximately 1 hour, including Q&A

This webcast will discuss ways to identify discussions or disclosure of exam content on the internet. Heather Mullen & Aimée Hobby Rhodes will review an approach to positively identify the individuals who have posted the exam content and how to determine the manner in which the information was gathered. Finally, they will review the types of actions you can take to remove content from the web and prevent posters from disclosing exam content again.

Please note: This on-demand webcast is pre-recorded and available for unlimited viewings for a 30-calendar day period, beginning the date of purchase. You will be able to immediately access the recordings, and access instructions will be provided in your automated purchase confirmation. If you choose to pay by check, access will not be granted until the check payment has been received and deposited.

Member price: $90; Non-member price: $135

RSRCH17 Validation Strategies for Credentials
RSRCH17 Validation Strategies for Credentials

The purpose of this paper is to document methods that licensure and certification programs use to establish their programs’ validity. In addition to verifying common methods, such as the job analysis, the study sought to determine whether programs are using methods other than or in addition to job analysis and to identify additional validation activities that programs might undertake that extend beyond the test score’s validity to the credential’s overall validity. The intent was to provide credentialing programs information about validation concepts and best practices to guide the design and conduct of their own validation activities and stimulate discussion among Institute for Credentialing Excellence (ICE) members about possible new methods of developing validity evidence. In 2014, the ICE Research and Development (R&D) Committee approved the formation of a Validation Strategies Task Force. The task force conducted its work during 2014 and 2015 and compiled this document in 2016.

Taskforce members include Lawrence J. Fabrey, Ph.D. (chair), Christopher Butcher, Chuck Friedman, Ph.D., George Gray, Craig Mills, Ed.D., Patricia Muenzen, MA, Angela Oler, ASQ CQA, John Weiner, and Tony Zara, Ph.D. (c) 2017. 17 pages.

Download the Table of Contents.

Member Price: $40.00, Non-Member Price: $60.00

WP15 What Is the Optimal Number of Distractors in Exam Items? Case Study
WP15 What Is the Optimal Number of Distractors in Exam Items? Case Study

Multiple choice (MC) items that employ four or more options remain a popular format in standardized college entrance exams and employment selection tests despite the fact that most research supports the use of three-option MC items. The same is true with licensing and credentialing exams. A case study is provided that documents the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) exam’s transition to a three-option item format. The CFA program is the gold standard credential among investment professionals globally, with 124,000 CFA charterholders residing in 145 countries. This case study is intended to be of value to other testing programs considering a similar change with respect to understanding the motivation for change, the challenges faced with stakeholders and constituents, and the psychometric impacts of change that align with literature-based expectations.

Meet the Authors

Peter Mackey, CFA is Head, CFA Program and Examination Development at CFA Institute.  In that role, Peter coordinates the major activities supporting the CFA Program and manages the exam development work for all certification and certificate programs offered by CFA Institute.  Before coming to CFA Institute in September 2004, Peter spent five years at the U.S. Treasury Department as Deputy Director at the Office of District of Colombia Pensions where he managed three trust funds on behalf of the District’s defined benefit pension plans.  Peter’s experience also includes 12 years as Director of the Office of Investments for the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board, where he established a defined contribution retirement program for US government employees and directed an investment fund of more than US$80 billion on behalf of 2.4 million participants.  Peter has been involved (as a volunteer, consultant and staff member) in all aspects of practice analysis, curriculum development, exam design and development, exam grading and standard setting for the past 20 years.  He holds an MBA in finance from George Washington University and a BA in economics from Manhattan College.

Timothy Konold, PhD is Professor and Director of the Research, Statistics, and Evaluation program at the University of Virginia; and holds faculty affiliations with the Center for the Advanced Study of Teaching and Learning (CASTL) and the Virginia Education Science Training (VEST) program.  He has taught introductory and advanced graduate level courses in psychometric theory and advanced quantitative methods at the University of Virginia for the past 18 years.  He has served as the senior psychometric consultant for the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) global testing program for over ten years.  He has authored more than 100 peer-reviewed articles, book chapters, published tests, book/test reviews, and technical reports on topics that seek to infuse contemporary psychometric and quantitative methods into work that has direct implications for large scale test use as it pertains to construction, interpretation, classification and errors of measurement.

Member Price: FREE; Non-member Price: $50

AWEB10 Bundled Pack: Testing
AWEB10 Bundled Pack: Testing

This bundled package includes the following archived webinar recordings: Alternative Item Types, MCQ: The Fifteen Fatal Flaws, Strategies to Enhance Test Security, and Test Security Enforcement Strategies. (c) 2009 and 2010

Member Price: $60, Non-member Price: $90